Pregnancy is a beautiful and stressful time for every woman. As we are all unique, our bodies and psychology react to this condition in a unique way. Moms know that alcohol, Tylenol, viral infections can influence on the fetuses’ development but how about anti-depressants? Are they really so dangerous? Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors allow serotonin to linger in the brain and help to normalize patient’s mood, release from anxiety and other mental health condition. But it also absorbs into the placenta and can harm a baby.
According to the latest research, published in October 2016, using selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) can provoke autism spectrum disorder development in a child, as well as heart defects. The researchers from Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) and Turku University in Finland have been monitoring a cohort of mothers and their children in Finland for 14 years (1996-2010). Approximately, 15,600 mothers were diagnosed with depression or other conditions, which required taking SSRIs and had filled at least 2 prescriptions for this drug while were pregnant. 9,500 mothers were diagnosed with depression but didn’t take any medication during their pregnancy and 31,000 mothers had no depression and no drugs prescription.
The researchers monitored mothers and children for 14 years in order to find out if there were any speech and language disorders developed among the kids. They found out that 37% of mothers who took SSRIs had children with speech and language disorders. However, this study doesn’t show how exactly SSRIs cause these abnormalities in development, the researchers recommend pregnant women with light form of depression to explore another ways of its treatment, such as therapy.