Category Archives: Early Intervention

Oakland University Opens New Autism Research Center    

autism program funded

On Monday, July 6, the School of Education and Human Services at Oakland University opened a clinic dedicated to autism research. The clinic will be specializing in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) and researching different treatments related to autism spectrum disorders. 

The clinic was partially funded by a grant from the Michigan Department of Community Mental Health. It will be providing early intervention techniques for children between the ages of 2-6, who have already been diagnosed with ASD or those who are at risk for an autism diagnosis.

In particular, treatments will be provided in areas of communication, play, social and speech skills. The behavior analysts plan on working with children one-on-one and also in small groups. The clinic will also offer certification for students at Oakland University who want to be Board Certified Behavior Analysts and/or Registered Behavior Technicians.

Jessica Korneder, an assistant professor of human development and child studies says that the clinic will greatly improve the quality of life for local children with autism as well as their families. She also says that the clinic will be conducting research on the best training methods for behavior technicians along with parent training methods.

Korneder says that the undergraduate students will be developing technical, clinical, and professional skills for graduate work or entry-level positions. The graduate students will also be learning clinical and professional skills for their future careers. She hopes that all the students will change the lives of children and families affected by autism.

By Sejal Sheth 



Changes in Minneapolis Autism Program Cause Concern

minneapolis autism crisisIn a June commentary about the Minneapolis Public Schools autism program, Margaret Sullivan says not to worry because fewer than 25 kindergarteners will be affected by the new changes. However, many parents are having difficulty staying calm.

This year, 23 incoming kindergartners with Autism Spectrum Disorder have been denied proper access to educational support. Because early intervention is the best type of therapy for children with autism, parent concerns are growing. Soon, Minneapolis schools will be filled with autistic children who are not receiving proper intervention and therapy. This could lead to possible trauma and force the children to face potential lifelong consequences.

Along with that, the school district is closing some ASD early-childhood special education classrooms. With these two factors converging, classrooms are becoming more crowded and forcing children with ASD to be sent to schools where they aren’t getting proper, individualized interventions. It is also leading to more sensory vulnerabilities that can lead to meltdowns, which are occasionally loud and violent.

In Minneapolis, it’s not just parents who want the school district to change. Teachers, students, and alumni of the program are also signing petitions that ask the district to maintain its current level of support for students with autism. However, teachers are unable to speak out (unless it’s privately or anonymously) because they are scared of losing their jobs. 

In the past, citywide autism programs were extremely successful in helping autistic children grow into functioning adults who contribute to their communities. Now, Minneapolis parents are asking for the same opportunity for their children. In the end, everyone deserves an education that will help them grow to their full potential. 

Written By Sejal Sheth



Maine Family Moved Across State Lines For Better Autism Services

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A family from Carmel, Maine was forced to move after not being able to find services for their adult autistic child. The Levasseur’s are planning on moving to Virgina, where they hope to find help.

Michael Levasseur, who is 19 years old and has a high school diploma, has been able to hold a few jobs. He also tries to live as independently as he can but he requires supervision. Along with that, Maine’s assistance programs are having funding problems. This has led to individuals being put on waitlists for services they are eligible for but not able to receive.

The Levasseur family had to leave New Hampshire when Michael was 2 years old because there weren’t services for autistic children. Now, they are having the same problem. Michael had the option of staying in school for 2 more years but he opted out of it. He said that he wouldn’t have been able to participate in swim team and he didn’t feel like it was worthwhile.

Michael has always required supervision. His mother, Cynthia, has had to switch or quit jobs to help him. This has led to financial difficulty in the family. However, most recently, Cynthia has been working at G.E.A.R Parent Network, which is a network that offers advice and guidance for parents who have children with behavioral health needs. She says that it is a great job because it helps parents understand and figure out the government bureaucracy, something that she has experience in.

Michael is a high functioning autistic person. Because of this, he is able to cook for himself, use public transportation, and manage some of his money. However, this means that he is also unable to qualify for programs that support housing services. Michael was able to qualify for a state run program that provides job coaches, day activities, and support. But when the 19 year old brought home a pre-made frame, decorated with stickers, his family realized they wanted more for him.

In 2014, the Levasseurs were able to catch the attention of Governor Paul LePage. LePage presented their story in the State of the State address.  LePage suggested increasing spending in order to provide services for elderly and disabled residents of Maine. Gov. LePage and the Department of Health and Human Services Commissioner Mary Mayhew have been working hard to convince legislators to consider increasing funding yet their priorities do not match.

Luckily for our students here at Shema Kolainu, all of their therapy services are provided in a close-knit environment. The kids have experienced enormous growth as they are prepared for adulthood. Getting capable students with autism ready for adulthood is such an important priority as more of them reach maturity every year, ready to contribute to the work force.

Cynthia Levasseur says that she worries about other families. She doesn’t want them to be forced to sell their homes or put a loved one into a nursing home. In Virginia, the Levasseur family hopes to find work for their son so he can continue to live his life.

Original coverage for this article sourced from Bandor Daily News.

Written by Sejal Sheth



Apraxia and Autism Often Go Hand in Hand

autism and apraxia

Researchers have been examining the relationship between apraxia, a rare neurological speech disorder, and autism. In a three-year study, 64% of children with autism also had apraxia.

Cheryl Tierney, an associate professor of pediatrics at Penn State, says that children with apraxia have a hard time coordinating the movements of their tongue, lips, mouth, and jaw. Because of this, every time they say a word it comes out differently, making it hard for their parents to understand them.

The rate of childhood apraxia is between one and two for every 1,000. With awareness increasing, children are being diagnosed with apraxia and autism more often than ever before.

The Penn State Hershey Pediatric Developmental Communication Assessment Clinic found that in an initial diagnostic screening, the follow up test showed that 63.6% of children diagnosed with autism were also diagnosed with apraxia. They also found that 36.8% of children diagnosed with apraxia were later diagnosed with autism. 23.3% of children were initially diagnosed with both.

Apraxia and autism symptoms can be improved with early intervention. By detecting one of the two disorders, it is easier to pinpoint the other. However, the two diagnoses have different types of intervention protocol. This is important because knowing the distinction can prevent long-term problems.  

The CASD, or Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder, is used to diagnose autism and apraxia. This tool contains four different types of assessments: two for apraxia and two for autism. Tierney says that CASD can be used to diagnose or rule out autism; therefore it is also used for apraxia.

Written by Sejal Sheth 



Autism Preschool Soon To Be in Knoxville

autistic preschool

Brent and Jaime Hemsley are the parents of 5 year old Logan, who has autism. For most of his life he has been nonverbal; this began to turn around 5 months ago.

One night, as Brent was putting his son down for bed he told the boy he loved him. So far, this was the normal nightly routine. Unexpectedly, Logan replied to his father in a very clear manner, “I love you.” It was a beautiful moment Brent would never forget. He credits it to the years of therapy Brent has attended.

Through this experience the Hemsleys were inspired to create The Autism Achievement Academy. It will be the first preschool in Knoxville especially design for children with autism.

When trying to locate resources, the Hemsleys noticed there weren’t enough services available in their area. They found some programs and people available to help, but they were often met with long waiting lists and backlogs. An even bigger issue was when they did get the services they needed, they would only receive about one or two hours. But the recommendation for children is to get 25-40 hours of individual intensive care and instruction.

The idea for the preschool came after touring Hope Academy in Greenville, South Carolina. Jamie was particularly impressed with the real classrooms, filled with children who had similar diagnoses and received plenty of individual attention. She wanted to have that experience for her son and other children in Knoxville.

They Hemsleys hope to start school in the fall with only 1 preschool class. However, they also hope to expand throughout the years. The school is currently under an application process for non profit status. A curriculum, teacher, and administrative leadership has already been lined up. But the project is in need for more funding and a building. There will be a fundraiser held in late July to help cover finances.

Written by Raiza Belarmino



Autistic Teen Defies Odds at Graduation

autistic teen at graduation

As graduation season approaches, we will honor and celebrate all the hard work students across the country have accomplished. One college student in North Charleston, South Carolina has improved far beyond anyone’s imagination.

Rhyan Coleman is a recent graduate of Trident Technical College and one of the honorary student speakers for their 2015 commencement ceremony. Any mother would be proud but for Angela Simmons, this was an especially miraculous moment.

When he was three years old, Simmons noticed there was something different about her son. He kept repeating what she said and wasn’t able to keep up in a conversation. Rhyan was diagnosed with autism and his repetitive speech is a symptom called echolalia. This is a common behavior for children with autism. Once he heard a word or a phrase spoken, he often just repeated it right back at the person.

After years and years of work through speech therapy, this symptom was treated successfully. His mother credits this achievement to the many supporters throughout his life, stating that Rhyan always had a village around him. The friends, family, teachers and therapists that did whatever they could do to help him laid his path to success.

Once high school was over, Rhyan was a bit unsure of his future. He decided to continue his education at Trident Technical College, where he eventually received an Associate’s Degree in Radio and Television Broadcasting.

On May 1, he addressed thousands of people in a crowd filled with students, faculty, family and friends. In the speech he shared his journey growing up with ASD and thanked all of those who have supported him in his academic career. He is most proud to walk across the stage along with his fellow 800+ students.

When asked about his next plans, he replies, “There is a next chapter to be written.”

Written by Raiza Belarmino



Parent Training to Improve Autistic Child’s Behavior

parent training for autism

It’s common for children with autism to exhibit problematic behavior. But, as Kara Reagon, PhD has said, “All behavior serves a person” – meaning that there is a reason for it.

Kids often become frustrated or angry when they are struggling to communicate. However, researchers at Emory University have found that with training, parents are able to obtain the proper skills needed to manage their child’s behavior.

An article recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Association suggests that children behave better when their parents possess these particular skills.

The experiment involved 180 children between the ages of 3 and 7 years old, and their parents. They were broken up into 2 groups.

One group of parents was given a 24-week training program teaching strategies for managing common behavioral problems. It was comprised of 11 core treatment sessions, two optional sessions, two telephone boosters and two home visits. They were trained on effective ways to respond to their child if they begin throwing a tantrum, showing aggression, performing self-injury or non-compliance. More specifically, parents were told to reward expected behavior with positive reinforcement and withhold reinforcement for unexpected behavior is displayed.

The other group of parents were given 12 core sessions providing strictly educational information about autism and just one home visit.

During the study, the parents of the first group stated their children had a 48% improvement in behavior while the second group had a 32% decline. At the end of each program, clinicians conducted their own assessments on the children. It was discovered that the children with the highly trained parents had a 70% positive feedback rate whereas the less educated parent group had only 40% positive feedback.

A running theme that many researchers and studies continue to support is the importance of early intervention. A previous article in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders showed that early intervention on children between the ages of 7 and 15 months (who show signs of autism) can considerably reduce or completely eliminate any developmental delays. These studies have emphasized the importance of both early intervention and proper training for families with autistic children.

To view the original article please visit http://www.cbsnews.com/news/parent-training-improves-behavior-in-autistic-kids/

Written by Raiza Belarmino



Autism Spectrum Disorder Has Later Onset for Females

autism onset in girls

A recent study handled by the Kennedy Krieger Institute located in Baltimore discovered that not only are females much less likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but they are also diagnosed much later on in life in comparison to males.

The Interactive Autism Network – also known as IAN – supplied their online data registry to the Institute. Information was supplied from almost 50,000 families and individuals affected by autism. The study factored in the age and gender of the individuals diagnosed.

Pervasive developmental disorder, diagnosed by delayed growth in social and communicative areas, affected girls beginning at age four in comparison to boys at an average age of 3.8. As well as this, Asperger’s Syndrome was also more common later in girls’ lives, while earlier in boys’. The overall ratio of boys versus girls in the IAN database was almost 4.5 to 1.

This link could be related to the female tendency to be more shy and quiet rather than males. Dr. Paul Lipkin, the director of IAN, says that these autistic behaviors are often written off as shyness. He also stated that girls struggle more often than boys with ability to understand social cues from others, whereas boys struggle with more obvious mannerisms. This shyness can deter professionals from making the diagnosis, while the true cause remains beneath the surface.

Females with autism cannot always be treated identically to males with ASD. This study aims to help determine the recognizable traits in females that have previously led to later diagnoses. This gender gap can hopefully begin to close by implementing social skills training for girls who exhibit these behaviors. Treating this should not change who these children are as people, but should instead allow them to be more aware and flexible with their emotions and the emotions of those around them.

By Kat O’Toole, University of Maine

(Image source: http://autism.lovetoknow.com/image/144126~Girls-playing.jpg)



Innovative Sensory Therapy Shows Promising Results

 

autism therapy

The Sensory Learning Program in Sarasota, Florida has been making local headlines with their impressive growth. Since it’s start in 1995, the system has had an amazing 92% success rate.

Ali Latvala, the mother of 8 year old Tyler Graham, can personally testify to the benefits of their new sensory therapy. Tyler has Autism Spectrum Disorder, and he mostly struggles with keeping up in conversations and becoming overwhelmed with too much light or sound.

Unfortunately, other therapies were not giving him what he needed. It came to a point where it was a lot to handle and Tyler was having trouble sleeping well. Last Fall, Latvala took her son to the New Path Development Center and, within days, was able to notice dramatic results. He was able to communicate better with others and when making requests, he was more detailed than ever before. Latvala was so inspired by the their work that she soon became the program’s Business Director to help spread awareness.

When undergoing a sensory therapy session, a child is placed in a relaxing reclined position on a circularly rotating bed. He/She is given headphones with a randomized playlist of music based on their individual needs and goals. The child also stares into a box that shows a range of colored lights. By exposing the child to multiple sensory inputs (sight, sound, and vestibular motion) therapists try to emulate the intense sensory environments they will encounter. Each session will incorporate more and more sensory stimulation.

Program Director Keri Porter explains that through this process the neural pathways in the brain will modify their physical structure and functional organization. At the end of the program the child is better at tolerating more daily activities like going to the grocery store where there are lots of people, bright lights, and noisy cash registers.

Throughout the years, research and surveys have proven the treatment program’s success rate. The children have improved on behavior abilities, cognitive abilities, and processing their senses.

Although the 30 day long program is designed for children, it has also been used as therapy for adults with brain injury, stroke, and PTSD.

These are some aspects the program has improved on for patients:

  • Self-regulation
  • Expressive language
  • Fine motor skills
  • Gross motor skills
  • Memory
  • Speed of mental processing
  • Physical and mental organization
  • Goal setting and planning
  • Transiting in thought or activity
  • Language comprehension
  • Building vocabulary
  • Sensory Processing
  • Cognitive control

Written by Raiza Belarmino



The Autism Show: The Pocket Occupational Therapist

autism show

Cara Kosinski, author featured on The Autism Show

The Autism Show is an online radio podcast that reaches thousands of people in about 32 countries around the world. It is hosted by Catherine Pascuas, an autism specialist and founder of the Edx Autism Consulting company.

Pascuas has 7 years of experience working one-on-one with children and families using Applied Behavior Analysis, play therapy, SCERTS (Social Communication, Emotional Regulation and Transactional Support), and play therapy. Every Tuesday she interviews new experts and educators to share inspirational stories or innovative therapies regarding autism. They’ve had over 30 episodes featuring advocates, organizations, therapists, etc. Some topics that have been covered are motherhood on the autism spectrum, Minecraft, (a popular children’s computer game), and sleeping problems.

On episode 30, Pascuas welcomed Cara Kosinski,  a pediatric occupational therapist in the Pittsburgh, PA area. She is the mother of two boys, ages 15 and 12. In Kosinski’s junior year she knew she wanted to become an OT and started working in adult rehabilitation. When both of her sons were later diagnosed with autism and sensory processing disorder, she quit her job to become a full time caregiver for her children. She became determined to learn everything there is to know about autism.

She took classes designed for OT’s then turned around to use that information at home as a parent. During those years she complied volumes of notes with quality methods and techniques. This shaped her professional career, as she wanted to share this information with other parents. Kosinski eventually decided to open up a private practice.

She is now the owner of Route2Greatness which provides Occupational Therapy consultations, trainings, and seminars all over the county. Kosinski is the author of award-winning books The Pocket Occupational Therapist for Families with Special Needs and The Special Needs School Survival Guide. Both books are widely successful with therapists, teachers, social workers, and most especially, parents.

Her goal is to provide an easy-to-use resource that anyone from any discipline can understand. Readers can look up a certain topic such as hair washing to find out why the child is having difficulty with it. It includes tips and activities that can be done right away. These guides are unique in that Kosinski combines the role of an OT with that of a parent. This type of language and reliability is what makes it so popular within the autism community.

Kosinski believes that the future of autism lies within educating the caregiver. They are given the power to take what they learn in clinic so they may bring it home for optimum results. She is currently holding autism specific classes for OT’s and parents around the country. Her and her son are working on a book that focuses on autistic teens and young adults developing behavior and social skills.

To listen to this episode you can download it on iTunes, Stitcher Radio, or view the original article at: http://www.autismdailynewscast.com/podcast-cara-koscinski-autism-mom-ot-author-pocket-ot-series/25431/catherinepascuas/

Written by Raiza Belarmino